Reduction of diffusion usually inwards by convection and outwards by hydrostatic pressure of fluids and prevents wetness of cut dentin surface. No one single irrigant has the ability to kill microorganisms, dissolve. A forward search was undertaken on selected articles and using some author names. Various types of solvents will produce different results in smear layer removal. Smear layer may thus present a passage for substances to leak around or through its particles at the interface between the filling material and the tooth structure. It has been recognized for many years that root canal instrumentation produces a smear layer that covers the surfaces of prepared canal walls. Root canal instrumentation produces a layer of organic and inorganic material called the smear layer that may also contain bacteria and their byproducts. Smear layer and debris removal from dentinal tubules using different irrigation protocols.
It was found that the smear layer removal enhances the fluidtight seal of root canal system. Smear layer is a controversial topic in the field of operative dentistry and. A more recent 2012 survey reported 77% of endodontists routinely removed the smear layer prior to obturation 19. The composition of the smear layer in endodontic is composed of an organic and an inorganic portion. Bacterial penetration of dentinal tubules is prevented. Root canal instrumentation produces a layer of organic and inorganic material called the smear layer. Advantages of smear layer in endodontics reduction of dentin permeability to toxins and oral fluids. Pdf during mechanical preparation, the use of hand or rotary instruments results in the production of considerable amount of smear layer.
According to mader et al, the smear layer consists of a superficial layer on the surface of the canal wall approximately 1 to 2. The smear layer is created on hard tissues of the teeth whenever they are cut with hand or rotary instruments. The smear layer was first described by mccomb and smith, who demonstrated the presence of an organic layer containing apatite particles on the enamel surface caused by heat generated during cutting. The thickness of the smear layer may vary from tooth to tooth according to several factors including. A superficial layer that covers the dentinal wall and a smear plug which occludes that dentinal tubules. The smear layer in endodontics linkedin slideshare.1123 1445 398 538 91 209 72 1124 1487 72 784 745 254 175 995 566 1051 1599 846 59 70 1667 944 667 550 465 423 652 662 1649 1633 1590 171 153 1492 1167 159 1015 349 728 1362 651 1212